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Ritomune 100 mg (Ritonavir)

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$60.00
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Quick Overview

Buy Ritomune 100 mg (Ritonavir), Ritonavir is used along with other medication for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1) infection. It does not completely cure HIV or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ritonavir belongs to a class of medication called protease inhibitors. It prevents HIV from multiplying inside the body.  Ritonavir is used to treat HIV, which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ritonavir is not a cure for HIV or AIDS. Ritonavir may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
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Ritomune 100 mg (Ritonavir)

Uses

Ritonavir is used along with other medication for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1) infection. It does not completely cure HIV or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

How it works

Ritonavir belongs to a class of medication called protease inhibitors. It prevents HIV from multiplying inside the body.

What is ritonavir?

Ritonavir is an antiviral medicine that prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cells from multiplying in your body.

Ritonavir is used to treat HIV, which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ritonavir is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.

Ritonavir may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about ritonavir?

Many other drugs can interact with ritonavir. There are certain medicines that can cause life-threatening drug interactions with ritonavir, and should not be used at the same time. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all medicines you use now, and any medicine you start or stop using.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking ritonavir?

You should not take ritonavir if you are allergic to it.

There are certain medicines that can cause life-threatening drug interactions with ritonavir, and should not be used at the same time. Your doctor may need to change your treatment plan if you use any of the following drugs: alfuzosin ,cisapride, pimozide, St. John's wort, sildenafil 20mg -when used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), voriconazole, cholesterol-lowering medicine--lovastatin, simvastatin, ergot medicine--dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, ergonovine, methylergonovine, heart rhythm medicine--amiodarone, flecainide, propafenone, quinidine;

To make sure ritonavir is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have: liver disease (especially hepatitis B or C); pancreas disorder; diabetes; heart disease or heart rhythm disorder; a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia; or high cholesterol or triglycerides.

This medication is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby, but HIV can be passed to your baby if you are not properly treated during pregnancy. Take all of your HIV medicines as directed to control your infection.

Women with HIV or AIDS should not breast feed a baby. Even if your baby is born without HIV, the virus may be passed to the baby in your breast milk. Ritonavir can make birth control pills less effective. Ask your doctor about using non hormonal birth control (condom, diaphragm with spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking ritonavir.

How should I take ritonavir?

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Ritonavir tablets must be taken with meals. Ritonavir capsules or liquid should be taken with food if possible.

Do not crush, chew, or break a ritonavir tablet. Swallow it whole.

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Liquid ritonavir can be mixed with chocolate milk or a nutrition drink such as Ensure. Drink the mixture within 1 hour after mixing.

If a child is using this medicine, tell your doctor if the child has any changes in weight or height. Ritonavir doses are based on body surface area in children.

Use ritonavir regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Your blood will need to be tested on a regular basis. Your liver function may also need to be tested.

HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice. Every person with HIV or AIDS should remain under the care of a doctor.

Store ritonavir capsules in the refrigerator or at room temperature, away from heat or moisture. If you store the capsules at room temperature you must use them within 30 days. Protect from light.

Store ritonavir tablets at room temperature away from heat or moisture.

Store ritonavir liquid at room temperature with the cap tightly closed. Do not refrigerate.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of ritonavir oral liquid could be fatal to a child.

What should I avoid while taking ritonavir?

Ritonavir capsules and oral liquid contain alcohol. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages while using this medicine, and do not take disulfiram (Antabuse) or you could have an alcohol reaction.

Taking this medicine will not prevent you from passing HIV to other people. Do not have unprotected sex or share razors or toothbrushes. Talk with your doctor about safe ways to prevent HIV transmission during sex. Sharing drug or medicine needles is never safe, even for a healthy person.

Ritonavir side effects

dizzy or tired; rash or itching; headache, nausea, vomiting, Reactions such as numbness or tingling around lips, mouth, hands or feet; feeling sleepy, stomach upset or indigestion, joint or back pain; nerve damage causing pain and weakness; bad taste in the mouth, diarrhea; throat pain or cough; feeling hot or flushing symptoms.

Ritonavir dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for HIV Infection:

As a pharmacokinetic (PK) booster for other protease inhibitors: 100 to 400 mg/day orally in 1 or 2 divided doses

Comments:
-Ritonavir is most frequently used and recommended as a PK enhancer of more potent and better tolerated protease inhibitors.
-This use is not specifically approved by the FDA in the ritonavir labeling.
-The labeling of the boosted protease inhibitor should be consulted for dosage recommendations.

FDA-approved dose (sole protease inhibitor):
Initial dose: 300 mg orally twice a day
Maintenance dose: Increase by 100 mg twice daily every 2 to 3 days to the full dose of 600 mg orally twice a day

Comments: Use of ritonavir as the sole protease inhibitor is not recommended by US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) guidelines.

Usual Pediatric Dose for HIV Infection:

As a PK booster for other protease inhibitors: The labeling of the boosted protease inhibitor should be consulted for dosage recommendations.

Comments:
-Ritonavir is most frequently used and recommended as a PK enhancer of more potent and better tolerated protease inhibitors.
-This use is not specifically approved by the FDA in the ritonavir labeling.

FDA-approved dose (sole protease inhibitor):
Greater than 1 month:
Initial dose: 250 mg/m2 orally twice a day
Maintenance dose: Increase by 50 mg/m2 twice daily every 2 to 3 days to the full dose of 350 to 400 mg/m2 orally twice a day
Maximum dose: 600 mg/dose

Comments:
-If 400 mg/m2 twice a day is intolerable, the highest tolerated dose may be used for maintenance therapy in combination with other antiretrovirals; however, alternative therapy should be considered.
-Ritonavir oral solution should not be given to neonates before a postmenstrual age of 44 weeks has been reached.
-Use of ritonavir as the sole protease inhibitor is not recommended by HSS guidelines.

What other drugs will affect ritonavir?

Many drugs can interact with ritonavir. Not all possible interactions are listed here. Tell your doctor about all your medications and any you start or stop using during treatment with ritonavir, especially: other drugs to treat HIV or AIDS; an antibiotic or antifungal medicine; an antidepressant or anti-psychotic medicine; a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven); cancer medicine; cholesterol-lowering medicine; heart or blood pressure medicine; medicine to prevent organ transplant rejection; medicine to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting;  medicine to treat a breathing disorder;

Expert advice

  • Consult your doctor about taking the ritonavir if you had a history of hepatitis A or B, hemophilia, diabetes, erectile dysfunction, kidney disease, any kind of infection, stiffness or aches or pains in joints, weakness or pain or tenderness in muscles, light-headedness, dizziness, fainting episodes or abnormal heartbeat.
  • Ritonavir tablets should always be taken with food.
  • Use effective methods of contraception to avoid pregnancy.
  • Do not drive or operate machinery as ritonavir can cause dizziness or sleepiness.

Frequently asked questions

Ritonavir

Q. Is ritonavir safe during pregnancy?
Ritonavir can be taken during pregnancy if the benefit outweighs the risk.
 
Q. Is ritonavir safe during breastfeeding?
Ritonavir is not safe for the baby and should not be used by women who are breastfeeding. HIV infected women should not breast-feed as the virus can pass on to the baby from breast milk.
 
Q. Is ritonavir a protease inhibitor? What is ritonavir used for?
Ritonavir, a protease inhibitor, is used along with other medication for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It does not completely cure HIV or AIDS.
 
Q. How does ritonavir work and what does it inhibit?
Ritonavir belongs to a class of medication called protease inhibitors. It inhibits protease enzymes from breaking down proteins and thus prevents HIV from multiplying inside the body. It does not cure HIV completely but reduces the chances of getting acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and HIV related infections or cancer.
 
Q. Why is ritonavir used along with lopinavir? Why is it used as a booster?
Ritonavir is available with lopinavir as a fixed dose combination as it improves the availability of lopinavir which helps in increasing activity against HIV. Ritonavir is used as a booster to increase the absorption of other protease inhibitors as well as prevent other protease inhibitors from being degraded.
Name Ritomune 100 mg (Ritonavir)
Equivalent Brand No
Strength No
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