A-Tetra- Capsule 500 mg/pcs

৳  3.39

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Generic Name: Tetracycline HCl
Therapeutic class: Tetracycline Hydrochloride
Manufacturer: ACME Laboratories Ltd

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Indications

Tetracycline is the drug of choice in the following infections :

  • Ricketsial infection (Rocky Mountain spotted fever, endemic and scrub typhus fever and human ehrlichiosis).
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections in adults. Outbreaks of pneumonia caused by this organism are common in barracks and institutions. Most cases occur in children and young adults. Maculopapular rashes, haemolytic anaemia and meningo-encephalitis occur rarely.
  • Chlamydial Infections: Chlamydia psittaci: This organism is the cause of psittacosis (ornithosis), a systemic illness contracted from infected birds. The pneumonia associated with it may be extensive, and severe systemic upset and death are common.Headache is a prominent early symptom.
  • Non-gonococcal or non specific urethritis: Inflammation of the urethra not resulting from gonococcal, chlamydial, or other specific infectious agents.
  • Lyme disease
  • Brucellosis
  • Miscellaneous infections, including granuloma inguinale, cholera, glanders, relapsing fever and V. vulnifians.

Other common uses of tetracycline include the following:

  • Urinary Tract Infections with susceptible organisms (including the acute urethral syndrome in women).
  • Bronchitis in patients with known underlying chronic lung diseases.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) regimen.
  • Travelers diarrhoea.
  • Acne vulgaris
  • Prostatitis.
  • As an alternative agent in the penicillin allergic patient with syphilis.
  • Anaerobic infections with susceptible organisms.

Dosage & Administration

The usual adult oral dosage of Tetracycline is 1-2 g daily given in 2-4 divided doses. The usual oral dosage of Tetracycline for children older than 8 years of age in 25-50 mg/kg daily given in 2-4 divided doses. Alternatively some clinicians recommended that children should receive 0.6-1.2 g/m2 daily.

Tetracycline should be taken preferably one hour before or 2 hours after meals.

Some specific indications along with some information on dosage is given below:

Acne vulgaris: 250 mg four times daily or 500 mg 12 hourly for 1 week; 125-250 mg for several weeks or months. Duration of therapy is determined by individual progress

Acute staphylococcal infections: 1-2 g daily in divided doses for 10-14 days

Acute streptococcal infections: 1-2 g daily in divided doses for 10 days. Prolonged therapy is needed to avoid risk of rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis

Amoebiasis: 1 g daily in four divided doses or 500 mg 12 hourly for 7 days. Given in association with amoebicidal agents

Brucellosis: 500 mg four times daily plus 1 g streptomycin twice daily for 1 week ; then 500 mg four times daily (no streptomycin) for 1 week. Prolonged therapy is necessary to avoid relapse

Subacute bacterial endocarditis: 1-2 g daily in divided doses for 6 weeks. Usually given in combination with a bactericidal agent

Syphilis: Total 30-40 g given in divided doses over 10-15 days. Serology and spinal fluid examination should follow the administration of tetracycline

Side Effects

Teeth and bone: Tetracycline can cause depression of bone growth, permanent graybrown discoloration of the teeth and enamel hypoplasia when given during tooth development (i.e. during the later half of pregnancy, during infancy and in childhood).

Hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylaxis, urticaria and rashes are uncommon. Photosensitivity reactions consisting of a red rash on areas exposed to intense sunlight can occur with Tetracycline.

Gastrointestinal effects: Epigastric distress and nausea are commonly seen after oral administration, and these symptoms are somewhat dose related. Vomiting can occur.

Accentuated prerenal azotemia: Tetracycline appears to aggravate pre-existing renal failure by inhibiting protein synthesis, which increases the azotemia from amino acid metabolism.

Superinfections with oral and anogenital candidiasis are relatively common in patients taking Tetracycline.

Esophageal ulcerations: In most cases, the patients were taking the capsules with little or no fluid before going to bed. To help minimize this, oral doses should be given with adequate amounts of fluid.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Tetracycline should not be used during pregnancy because of the risk of hypertoxicity in the mother as well as the effects on the developing foetus. Use in pregnancy potentially during breast-feeding and in children up to the age of 8, or some authorise say 12 years, may result in impaired bone growth and permanent discoloration of the child’s teeth.

Precautions & Warnings

Care should be taken if Tetracycline Hydrochloride is given to patients with impaired liver function and high doses should be avoided. Potentiality hepatotoxic drugs (including erythromycin, chloramphenicol, isoniazide and sulphonamides) should not be given concomitantly.

Therapeutic Class

Tetracycline group of drugs

Storage Conditions

Store between 20-25° C.

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A-Tetra- Capsule 500 mg/pcs

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