Prolert – Oral Suspension (20 mg/5 ml – 100 ml bottle)/pcs

৳  60.00

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Generic Name: Fluoxetine HCl
Therapeutic class: Antidepressants (CNS Preparations)
Manufacturer: Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd

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Indications

Fluoxetine is indicated in-

  • Depressive illness
  • Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa
  • Obsessive compulsive disorders
  • Pre-menstrual syndrome

Dosage & Administration

Initial treatment: Recent studies suggest that 20 mg/day of Fluoxetine may be sufficient to obtain satisfactory antidepressant response. Consequently, a dose of 20 mg/day administered in the morning is recommended as the initial dose.

A dose increase may be considered after several weeks if no clinical improvement is observed. Dosage above 20 mg/day, should be administered on a bid schedule (i.e. morning and noon) and should not exceed a maximum dose of 80 mg/day. As with other antidepressants, the full antidepressant effect may be delayed until 4 weeks of treatment or longer. As with many other medications, a lower or less frequent dosage should be used in patients with renal and/or hepatic impairment.

A lower or less frequent dosage should also be considered for patients, such as elderly, with concurrent disease or on multiple medication. A recommended maximum dose for elderly patients is 60 mg per day.

Maintenance treatment: It is generally agreed among expert psychopharmacologists that acute episode of depression requires several months or longer sustained pharmacologic therapy. Fluoxetine is also used in dosage of 60 mg daily for the management of bulimia nervosa.

Side Effects

Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, dry mouth, and diarrhoea.

Neurological: Anxiety, nervousness, insomnia/ drowsiness and fatigue.

Others: Excessive sweating, pruritus, skin rashes associated with liver, kidney and lung involvement. It has therefore been advised that Fluoxetine therapy should be discontinued in any patient who develops a skin rash.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy: In animal studies, no teratogenicity or harmful effect was found. Because animal reproductive studies are not always predictive of human responses, Fluoxetine should be used in pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Lactation: As Fluoxetine is excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Fluoxetine is administered to nursing women.

Precautions & Warnings

As Fluoxetine undergoes hepatic metabolism and renal excretion, it should be used with caution and in reduced doses in patients with impaired hepatic or renal function. Because of its epileptogenic effect, it should be used with caution in patients with epilepsy or a history of such disorders. Fluoxetine may alter glycaemic control and therefore caution is also warranted in diabetic subjects. Depressed patients with suicidal tendencies should be carefully supervised during treatment. Fluoxetine is not usually considered a suitable form of therapy for the depressive component of bipolar (manic depressive) illness as mania may be precipitated.

Use in Special Populations

Use in children: The use of Fluoxetine in children is not recommended as safety and efficacy have not been established.

Overdose Effects

Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, seizure, CV dysfunction ranging from asymptomatic arrhythmias to cardiac arrest (including ventricular arrhythmias and nodal rhythm) or ECG changes indicative of QTc prolongation to cardiac arrest, pulmonary dysfunction, signs of altered CNS status ranging from excitation to coma.

Management: Symptomatic and supportive treatment. May admin activated charcoal w/ sorbitol.

Therapeutic Class

Phenothiazine related drugs

Storage Conditions

Store between 20-25° C. Protect from light.

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Prolert - Oral Suspension (20 mg/5 ml - 100 ml bottle)/pcs

৳  60.00

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